What Is Cognitive Behavioural Therapy?

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a focused, problem-solving psychotherapy that has been shown through scientific research to be highly effective for the treatment of many mental health problems such as depression, general anxiety disorders, panic, anger and marital distress. It has also been shown to be effective in the treatment of medical conditions such as chronic pain.

The therapist and client work together as a team to identify and solve problems, and therapists help clients to overcome their difficulties through changing their thinking, behavior, and emotional response. Cognitive Therapy is also compatible with the use of prescribed medication.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is:

  • Practical
  • Short term (between 6 and 20 sessions)
  • Goal oriented
  • Structured
  • Educational
  • Uses a collaborative approach
  • Clients are active participants

Because thoughts, emotions and behaviors are inter-connected and affect one another, specific techniques and exercises are learned to produce changes in mood and actions.

Clients are expected to be active participants and to practice the skills learned between the sessions.

Treatment is oriented to resolve present-problems and accomplish personal goals within a nonjudgmental and safe therapeutic relationship.

Clinical research shows that cognitive therapy is as effective as medication for the treatment of anxiety and depression, without the associated side effects and is more effective than medication in the long term and to prevent relapse because clients learn how to deal with stressful situations in a healthier way.